• Program: Law Enforcement
  • Course: Firearms
  • Course #: LAWE2290
  • Total Credits: 2

Course Description

This course will include instruction in the areas of Use of Deadly Force, Simunitions, Firearms and Judgmental Shootings.

Course Evaluation

Refer to Course Syllabus for detailed information regarding the requirements and evaluation standards for this course. The Course Syllabus will be distributed the first week of the course.

Disability Services

Hennepin Technical College offers reasonable accommodations to qualified students with disabilities. If you have a documented disability that may require accommodations, contact the college’s Disability Services Director: Sara Laviolette at Brooklyn Park (763-488-2477) or Jean Kreutter at Eden Prairie (952-995-1544).

Course Goals

The following goals will be addressed in the course:
Fire ammunition using semiautomatic pistols, rifles and shotguns with accuracy and safe handling
Demonstrate proper use of cover and concealment
Perform shooting exercises under a variety of light levels
Demonstrate proper cleaning techniques for handguns
Apply escalation and de-escalation tactics and procedures in the use of force continuum
Describe deadly force utilization according to MN State Statute(s) and MN case law
Demonstrate the ability to write factual, concise, and complete reports
Demonstrate the most proper and safest methods to approach and apprehend high risk suspects
Demonstrate procedures for confronting suspects and placing him/her under control or arrest
Demonstrate the verbal skills needed to control and de-escalate situations in various scenarios
Demonstrate the ability to make appropriate force decisions under stress
Employ proper tactics in dealing with suspects possessing weapons
Identify appropriate weapon based on assessment of situation

Minnesota POST Board Learning Objectives:
1.1.2 Discuss barriers to clear communication, e.g. language, stress, bias, lack of common cultural
1.8.1 Discuss the importance of a survival mindset for officers including: physical and psychological
preparation for force encounters, risks associated with complacency, and wearing body armor and
other safety equipment.
1.8.2 Identify the physiological, psychological and emotional effects of stress.
1.8.3 Explain some of the stressors encountered by peace officers and their effect on officers and their
families including: duty related stressors, i.e. frequent encounters with illegal or unethical behaviors,
emotionally charged scenes, people in distress, trauma and tragedy, stressors related to fatigue and
shiftwork, and stress and long term effects associated with hypervigilance.
1.8.4 Discuss physical and psychological effects of stress before, during and after a high risk or traumatic
incident including: the effects of high risk stress on the body including the brain, vision, hearing,
muscles and respiratory system, and the nervous and cardiovascular systems, and how knowledge of
the effects of stress in high risk or life threatening situations can help officers perform under stress.
1.8.5 Discuss critical incident debriefing and identify support services and resources for peace officers.
1.8.6 Discuss Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and acute stress disorders and their symptoms.
1.8.7 Describe officer survival/safety issues relative to a variety of peace officer duties, including traffic
enforcement, arrest, vehicle stops, felony stops, pursuits, and plain clothes and undercover work.
1.8.8 Explain the importance of balancing peace officer roles and responsibilities and other life roles,
interests and responsibilities.
2.8.1 Explain Minnesota statutes and relevant case law related to the application of force by peace officers.
2.8.2 Explain the following terms: objectively reasonable, totality of circumstances, situational factors, pre-
assaultive indicators, and, escalation and de-escalation as related to peace officer use of force.
2.8.3 Discuss the term reasonable as it related to use of force.
2.8.4 State how department policies regarding use of force including deadly force may and may not vary.
2.8.5 Given scenarios, recognize when force is or is not authorized and give and defend reasonable choices
for the application of various types of force depending on the circumstances of the scenario.
2.8.6 Give Supreme Court case examples authorizing the use of deadly force.
2.8.7 Analyze a variety of situations where force may or may not be authorized and demonstrate an
understanding of the concept of reasonable use of force.
2.8.8 Explain the Minnesota Statute that requires officers be trained in the use of those weapons and
equipment the officer is issued or authorized to carry (Minn. Stat. 626.8452).
2.8.9 Explain when force may be used to make an arrest.
2.8.10 Discuss liabilities associated with the application of force by peace officers.
2.21.1 Discuss the role of peace officers in managing and de-escalating hostile situations including how the
attitude and expectations of an officer influences responses in crisis situations.
2.21.2 Describe anger/conflict management strategies useful to officers in resolving problems that arise in law
enforcement settings.
2.21.3 Identify strategies and de-escalation techniques officers may use to manage conflict, reduce anger, and
improve communication and cooperation and de-escalate volatile or hostile situations.
3.4.1 Discuss how conflict management strategies depend on the situation and various strategies that may
be useful in resolving situations involving individuals dealing with mental illness, substance use, or
developmental disabilities such as autism.
3.10.3 Discuss tactical emergency medical care considerations in on-going emergency situations.
3.14.56 Given situations involving individuals demonstrating signs and/or characteristics of mental illness,
behavioral disorder or suicidal intentions requiring intervention, demonstrate appropriate
intervention techniques that are likely to be beneficial in managing the situations (Minn. Stat.
626.8455) including: modeling behavior that shows the importance of putting safety first, staying
alert and the danger of complacency or taking anything for granted when dealing with an individual
experiencing a mental health crisis, unless situation appears immediately dangerous/critical, avoiding
challenging or violating personal space, trying to eliminate noise and distractions, having one officer
take lead and open communication from a safe distance, using communication techniques designed to
de-escalate volatile situations including: being patient, calm, honest and compassionate, using active
listening skills while not encouraging or agreeing with delusions, using a calming voice, and avoiding
challenging questions and allowing for venting.
4.2.2 Demonstrate basic principles of safe handling, operating, and shooting handguns and long guns
including stance, grip, trigger pressure, sight alignment, and sight picture in standing, kneeling and roll
over prone shooting positions.
4.2.3 Demonstrate proficiency (minimum score of 70% at each required distance) with shooting handguns
including: close quarter shooting skills with a handgun including ability to rapidly fire multiple rounds
from close quarters (no more than 2 yards from target) position, medium range shooting skills with a
handgun including the ability to shoot with dominant and with non-dominant hand in both supported
and unsupported shooting positions in a medium range (no closer than 5 yards and no further than 7
yards) position, and longer distance shooting skills with a handgun including the ability to draw and
fire at a target that is (15 to 25 yards) away.
4.2.4 Demonstrate weapon handling including close quarter unsupported, weapon hand supported and
unsupported, reaction hand supported and unsupported, and proficiency with a handgun from
standing, kneeling or prone position.
4.2.5 Participate in practical handgun shooting exercises.
4.2.6 Participate in exercises and live fire or simulation drills involving: - shooting from a down position, -
non-dominant hand drawing and shooting, - use of non-traditional sight picture for aiming at close
range (3 to 5 yards).
4.2.7 Participate in malfunction drills using dummy rounds that include: open and closed chamber
malfunction drills with handgun, weapons transition drills, and one-handed malfunction drills with
both dominant and non-dominant hand.
4.2.8 Define the terms cover and concealment as they pertain to peace officer firearms drills.
4.2.9 Demonstrate shooting from behind cover and on the move.
4.2.10 Practice decision making skills while participating in firearms simulation scenarios including: multiple
opponents (live fire on multiple targets), targets that fail to stop, low light/night shooting techniques
including use of flashlight techniques in live-fire drills in low light/night conditions, and reloading
under fire including pistol, rifle, and shotgun.
4.2.11 Demonstrate basic long gun shooting skills.
4.3.1 Evaluate situations that may require the use of force, determine when force is authorized and
necessary, and discuss options for the reasonable use of reasonable force.
4.3.2 Assess, articulate and report reasons for use of force including pre-assaultive indicators and
situational factors.
4.3.3 Participate in and evaluate others real time practical situations that require the use of force.
4.3.4 In real-time scenario exercises, make decisions about reasonable use of force.

Credit Details
  • Lecture: 0
  • Lab: 2
  • MnTC Goal: 0
Course Details
  • Prerequisites: 
    Admission into the Law Enforcement Program
  • Campus: Brooklyn Park

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